Documentation for: ASP.NET Ajax Version 1.0

This documentation is for a previous version. For the current released version, see the ASP.NET Ajax documentation on MSDN.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Update Method

Causes an update of the content of an UpdatePanel control.

Syntax

CSharp

public void Update ()

VisualBasic

Public Sub Update

ManagedCPlusPlus

public:
void Update ()

JSharp

public void Update ()

Remarks

If the page is enabled for partial-page rendering, when you invoke the Update() method, the UpdatePanel control's content is updated in the browser. Call the Update() method if you have server code that must execute to determine whether an UpdatePanel control should be updated. If you plan to use the Update() method, set the UpdateMode property to Conditional. If you want the decision to update the panel to be determined in server logic, make sure that the ChildrenAsTriggers property is false and that no explicit triggers are defined for the panel.

In a typical page development scenario, if you define triggers or if the ChildrenAsTriggers property is true for the UpdatePanel control, the Update() method is automatically called during the page life cycle.

If the ContentTemplate property is not defined for the UpdatePanel control, no updates of the panel will occur.

Examples

The following example uses the Update() method to update the content of an UpdatePanel control when more than five seconds have elapsed since the last update.

CS

<%@ Page Language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">

<script runat="server">
    protected DateTime LastUpdate
    {
        get
        {
            return (DateTime)(ViewState["LastUpdate"] ?? DateTime.Now);
        }
        set
        {
            ViewState["LastUpdate"] = value;
        }
    }

    protected void Button1_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        if (LastUpdate.AddSeconds(5.0) < DateTime.Now)
        {
            UpdatePanel1.Update();
            LastUpdate = DateTime.Now;
        }
    }

    protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {

        ScriptManager1.RegisterAsyncPostBackControl(Button1);   
        if (!IsPostBack)
        {
            LastUpdate = DateTime.Now;
        }
    }
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
<head id="Head1" runat="server">
    <title>UpdatePanelUpdateMode Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        <div>
            <asp:ScriptManager ID="ScriptManager1"
                               runat="server" />
            <asp:Panel ID="Panel1"
                       GroupingText="UpdatePanel1"
                       runat="server">
                <asp:UpdatePanel ID="UpdatePanel1"
                                 UpdateMode="Conditional"
                                 runat="server">
                    <ContentTemplate>
                        <p>
                            The content in this UpdatePanel only refreshes if five or more
                            seconds have passed since the last refresh and the button in
                            UpdatePanel2 was clicked. The time is checked
                            server-side and the UpdatePanel.Update() method is called. Last
                            updated: <strong>
                                <%= LastUpdate.ToString() %>
                            </strong>
                        </p>
                    </ContentTemplate>
                </asp:UpdatePanel>
            </asp:Panel>
            <asp:Panel ID="Panel2"
                       GroupingText="UpdatePanel2"
                       runat="server">
                <asp:UpdatePanel ID="UpdatePanel2"
                                 runat="server">
                    <ContentTemplate>
                        <p>
                            This UpdatePanel always refreshes if the button is clicked.
                            Last updated: <strong>
                                <%= DateTime.Now.ToString() %>
                            </strong>
                        </p>
                    </ContentTemplate>
                </asp:UpdatePanel>
            </asp:Panel>
            <asp:Button ID="Button1" Text="Button1" runat="server" OnClick="Button1_Click" />
        </div>
    </form>
</body>
</html>

VB

<%@ Page Language="VB" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">

<script runat="server">
    Protected Property LastUpdate() As DateTime
        Get
            If Not ViewState("LastUpdate") Is Nothing Then
                Return ViewState("LastUpdate")
            Else : Return DateTime.Now()
            End If
        End Get
        Set(ByVal Value As DateTime)
            ViewState("LastUpdate") = Value
        End Set
    End Property

    Protected Sub Button1_Click(ByVal Sender As Object, ByVal E As EventArgs)
        If (LastUpdate.AddSeconds(5.0) < DateTime.Now) Then
            UpdatePanel1.Update()
            LastUpdate = DateTime.Now
        End If
    End Sub

    Protected Sub Page_Load(ByVal Sender As Object, ByVal E As EventArgs)
        ScriptManager1.RegisterAsyncPostBackControl(Button1)
        If Not IsPostBack Then
            LastUpdate = DateTime.Now
        End If
    End Sub
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
<head id="Head1" runat="server">
    <title>UpdatePanelUpdateMode Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        <div>
            <asp:ScriptManager ID="ScriptManager1"
                               runat="server" />
            <asp:Panel ID="Panel1"
                       GroupingText="UpdatePanel1"
                       runat="server">
                <asp:UpdatePanel ID="UpdatePanel1"
                                   runat="server"
                                   UpdateMode="Conditional">
                    <ContentTemplate>
                        <p>
                            The content in this UpdatePanel only refreshes if five or more
                            seconds have passed since the last refresh and the button in
                            UpdatePanel2 was clicked. The time is checked
                            server-side and the UpdatePanel.Update() method is called. Last
                            updated: <strong>
                                <%= LastUpdate.ToString() %>
                            </strong>
                        </p>
                    </ContentTemplate>
                </asp:UpdatePanel>
            </asp:Panel>
            <asp:Panel ID="Panel2"
                       GroupingText="UpdatePanel2"
                       runat="server">
                <asp:UpdatePanel ID="UpdatePanel2"
                                 runat="server">
                    <ContentTemplate>
                        <p>
                            This UpdatePanel always refreshes if the button is clicked.
                            Last updated: <strong>
                                <%= DateTime.Now.ToString() %>
                            </strong>
                        </p>
                    </ContentTemplate>
                </asp:UpdatePanel>
            </asp:Panel>
            <asp:Button ID="Button1" Text="Button1" runat="server" OnClick="Button1_Click" />
        </div>
    </form>
</body>
</html>

Exceptions

ExceptionCondition
InvalidOperationException

The UpdateMode property is set to Always.

- or –

The Update() method is called during or after the page's Render(HtmlTextWriter) event.

Assembly: System.Web.Extensions (Module: System.Web.Extensions)