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Creating a Connection String and Working with SQL Server LocalDB

By Rick Anderson|

Creating a Connection String and Working with SQL Server LocalDB

The MovieDBContext class you created handles the task of  connecting to the database and mapping Movie objects to database  records. One question you might ask, though, is how to specify which database it will connect to. You don't actually have to specify which database to use,  Entity Framework will default to using  LocalDB. In this section we'll explicitly add  a connection string in the Web.config file of the application.

SQL Server Express LocalDB

LocalDB is a lightweight version of the SQL Server Express Database Engine that starts on demand and runs in user mode. LocalDB runs in a special execution mode of SQL Server Express that enables you to  work with databases as .mdf files. Typically, LocalDB database files  are kept in the App_Data folder of a web project.

SQL Server Express is not recommended for use in production web applications. LocalDB in particular should not be used for production with a web application because it is not designed to work with IIS. However, a LocalDB  database can be easily migrated to SQL Server or SQL Azure.

In Visual Studio 2013 (and in 2012), LocalDB is installed by default with Visual Studio.

By default, the Entity Framework looks for a connection string named the same as the object context class (MovieDBContext for this project).  For more  information see  SQL Server Connection Strings for ASP.NET Web Applications.

Open the application root Web.config file shown below. (Not the Web.config file in the Views folder.)

Find  the <connectionStrings>  element:

Add the following connection string to the <connectionStrings>  element in the Web.config file.

<add name="MovieDBContext" 
   connectionString="Data Source=(LocalDB)\v11.0;AttachDbFilename=|DataDirectory|\Movies.mdf;Integrated Security=True" 
   providerName="System.Data.SqlClient" 
/> 

The following example shows a portion of the Web.config file with  the new connection string added:

<connectionStrings>
    <add name="DefaultConnection" connectionString="Data Source=(LocalDb)\v11.0;AttachDbFilename=|DataDirectory|\aspnet-MvcMovie-20130603030321.mdf;Initial Catalog=aspnet-MvcMovie-20130603030321;Integrated Security=True" providerName="System.Data.SqlClient" />
    <add name="MovieDBContext"    connectionString="Data Source=(LocalDB)\v11.0;AttachDbFilename=|DataDirectory|\Movies.mdf;Integrated Security=True" providerName="System.Data.SqlClient"
/>

The two connection strings are very similar. The first connection string is  named DefaultConnection and is used for the membership database to control who can access the application. The connection string you've added specifies a LocalDB database named Movie.mdf located in the App_Data  folder.  We won't use the membership database in this tutorial, for more information on membership, authentication and security, see my tutorial Deploy a Secure ASP.NET MVC app with Membership, OAuth, and SQL Database to a  Windows Azure Web Site.

The name of the connection string must match the name of the DbContext class.

using System;
using System.Data.Entity;

namespace MvcMovie.Models
{
    public class Movie
    {
        public int ID { get; set; }
        public string Title { get; set; }
        public DateTime ReleaseDate { get; set; }
        public string Genre { get; set; }
        public decimal Price { get; set; }
    }

    public class MovieDBContext : DbContext
    {
        public DbSet<Movie> Movies { get; set; }
    }
}

You don't actually need to add the MovieDBContext connection string. If you don't specify a connection string, Entity Framework will create a LocalDB database in the users directory with the fully qualified name of the DbContext class (in this case MvcMovie.Models.MovieDBContext). You can name the database anything you like, as long as it has the .MDF  suffix. For example, we could name the database MyFilms.mdf.

Next, you'll build a new MoviesController class that you can use  to display the movie data and allow users to create new movie listings.

This article was originally created on October 17, 2013

Author Information

Rick Anderson

Rick Anderson – Rick Anderson works as a programmer writer for Microsoft, focusing on ASP.NET MVC, Windows Azure and Entity Framework. You can follow him on twitter via @RickAndMSFT.